Contents
#########
My network:
  •  Twitter
  •  Ribbonfarm section
  •  Youtube channel
  •  Facebook
  •  Instagram
  •  Github
  •  Livejournal (rus)
  • Scihouse
  • Spaceway forum
  • Spaceway
  • Writing:
  • Random thoughts
  • Random stories
  • Hardware:
  • Sound camera (RF)
  • Timelapse camera
  • MicroBook reader
  • Multiband camera
  • Multiband camera (RF)
  • Tesla coils
  • Soviet calculator
  • 3D printer
  • Quadrotor UAV
  • Box of sunshine
  • Molten salt battery
  • LCD curtains
  • Software:
  • Aprom OS
  • METEOR M decoder
  • Spaceway
  • M.A.X. Remake
  • Rocket Land
  • Random games
  • Artwork & photo:
  • Time lapses
  • Concepts - Rhego
  • Concepts - Pella
  • Random Art
  • Lunar eclipse
  • Orbiter addons:
  • Collision SDK
  • Orbiter Shipyard
  • Shukra Station
  • OGLAClient
  • Orulex
  • OSH gallery
  • Shukra gallery
  • Orulex gallery
  • OGLAClient gallery
  • Ship Generator
  • Shipgen manual
  • Orbiter flight gallery
  •      
    DIY Digital camera
    Last update: 26th Marth 2013
    Description
    At Ribbonfarm

    Gallery:
    Images - high resolution
    Images - cityscape
    Images - in colour
    Images - indoors
    Images - MWIR
    Images - SWIR

    Making of:
    Start here
    -> Sensing
    Mechanics
    Noise handling
    To be continued.


      Camera - Sensing

    Photodiode

    First thing needed is a sensor, capable of seeing the shades in the faint light of pinhole's projection.
    A photodiode should be good enough.

    It's a simple semiconductor thingie that converts light or similar waves into electricity. Solar panels are big photodiodes, for example.

    The smaller the photodiode is, the higher the resolution is.
    The bigger the photodiode is, the lower the noise is.
    It's your choice.

    i.e. here is one with 7.5 mm^2 sensor:

    And this is with 1 mm^2 sensor:

    Photodiodes i got so far

    Silicon ones, 300nm-1000nm.

    Green photodiode, BPW21r, too much capacitance:

    NIR photodiode, BPW41n, nice one:

    All visible light photodiode, BPW34, very sensitive, easily covered to reduce size:

    Getting InGaAs or InAs for lower bands wasn't easy - they are considered dual-use devices, and are under export control for international shipping.
    InAs photodiode, made by Ioffe institute in St. Petersburg. Peak sensitivity at 3400nm.

    Amplifier

    But how do you read a value off it?
    Like what Arduino page proposes?

    With such a set up you will indeed be able to tell night from day, but not much else.

    More practical solution would be a transimpedance amplifier.

    This thingie converts the photocurrent from the diode into voltage for Arduino or other ADC to read.
    With 50 MOhm resistor you would indeed be able to read off a faint image in the direct sunlight:

    To get better sensitivity it will take bigger resistors:

    But gigaohm resistors mean picoAmpere level currents being amplified. And that opens a whole can of worms. To be solved down text.

    Mechanics on the next page


    Post/read comments

     

      
      ADSE 0.9.2   © 2005-2017,